The Itihasas are a set of two epic poems, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, that are considered to be the authoritative texts of Hindu mythology and history. They are known as the “historical epics” of India because they contain detailed accounts of ancient events, including wars, royal lineages, and the deeds of heroes and demigods.
The Mahabharata, in particular, is known for its depiction of the Kurukshetra War, which took place between the Kauravas and the Pandavas, two branches of a royal family in ancient India. The Ramayana tells the story of Rama, a prince who is exiled from his kingdom and goes on a quest to rescue his wife Sita from the demon king Ravana.
Although the events described in the Itihasas are considered to be historical by many Hindus, their exact dates and accuracy are a matter of debate among scholars. Nevertheless, the Itihasas continue to be an important part of Hindu literature and are revered for their spiritual and cultural significance. They are often recited in religious ceremonies and are a source of inspiration for many Hindus.